July Tips and Tasks

— Written By and last updated by Kate Holt
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲


  • Remember to water according to plant needs. Vegetables and newly established plants require more frequent watering than established lawns and plants. Sandy soil requires more frequent watering than heavier soils. Most plants grow best with about 1 inch of water per week. Install a rain gauge so you can track how much rainfall you get. We’ve had plenty of rain this year so watering needs have been low.
  • Mulch plants to conserve moisture, inhibit weeds and reduce disease.
  • Drip irrigation and soaker hoses deliver water to the root zone without wetting leaves. Moisture on leaves can contribute to disease development. If you must use sprinklers, water early in the day so leaves dry quickly.
  • Deadheading promotes new blossoms for many annuals and perennials.
  • Remove weeds before they set seed.


  • Calibrate your sprinklers. Use a couple of straight-sided containers such as coffee cans to measure just how much water you are putting out. Some of my sprinklers will apply 1” of water in 30 minutes while others only apply ¼ inch over 4 hours! It depends on the sprinkler, your water pressure and the amount of area being watered. For lawns, aim for 1 inch of water per week on heavier soils, ½ inch of water twice a week on sandy soils.
  • Mow lawns regularly and at the correct height to promote dense turf and reduce weeds. Centipede, bermuda and zoysia should be mowed to 1 inch, while St. Augustine should be mowed at 3 inches.
  • Time your last application of fertilizer for no later than August 1.
  • Difficult weeds may need a repeat application of herbicide to control.


  • Provide appropriate support for fruit and vegetable plants such as tomatoes. Trellises and staking will reduce disease and make maintenance easier.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables as they ripen. Remove overripe, damaged or diseased fruits immediately to help control diseases and insects.
  • Watch for insects and diseases. If you find an insect or disease, have it identified by your Extension agent and get recommendations for control.
  • Plant a second round of tomatoes and cucumbers early this month to extend your harvest through the fall.