Tip and Tasks
- Plant cool season crops like radishes, spinach, and lettuce in September. Cool season herbs like dill, parsley and cilantro can be sown or transplanted.
- Plant garlic and onion until November. Choose short-day varieties of onions like Grano or Texas Supersweet.
- Fall is the best time of year to transplant trees, shrubs, and perennials. Keep new plantings watered as they get established.
- Plant winter annuals through November.
- As perennial beds go dormant, cut dead stems back to ground level. Collect leaves and debris from healthy plants and compost.
- Seed heads may be left for winter interest or to feed the birds (ex. sedum, echinacea, black-eyed-susan).
- Most ornamental grasses hold up to the winter weather so leave them for interest. If they look messy, cut them back
- Prune shrubs to remove dead, diseased or broken limbs but save significant pruning for the dormant season. Spring blooming shrubs shouldn’t be pruned until after they flower.
- Where winter annual weeds have been an issue, apply preemergent herbicides in September.
- Don’t overseed warm season lawns like centipede and St. Augustine as this can weaken the turf.
- Submit soil samples to the NCDA prior to Thanksgiving to avoid the peak season soil sample fee.
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